Java Method

Java Method is a collection of statements that are put together to perform some specific task. To run the methods, it should be called and it returns the value to the caller. Users can pass data to the methods and those data are known as parameters. They are also known as a function.
It allows the user to reuse the code as many times without rewriting the code and therefore act as a time saver.

Syntax for method:

Explanation:

  • Modifier:
    It is optional and defines the access type of a method. In the above example, the ‘public’ is the modifier of the method calculates.
  • Return Type:
    The return type is for returning the value by defining the data-type of the method or void is used if the method does not return a value. In the above example, ‘int’ is the data type for the return type.
  • MethodName:
    It is the name given to the method to identify the specific method. ‘calculate is the method name in the above example.
  • Parameter List:
    These are the input parameters with their specific data types. The passed parameter data type must match with the parameter list of a method and also the order in which it is passed and must be separated by commas(,). If there are no parameters, the user needs to use an empty parentheses ‘()’. ‘int x, int y’ is the parameter list in the above example.
  • Method body:
    The method body is enclosed within the curly braces'{}’. It defines the task of a method within the curly braces.

Call A Method:

To use the method and its functionality in a program it must be called. To call a method, the user needs to write the method name followed by two parentheses ‘()’ and a semicolon ‘;’. When a program calls a method, the control of a program remains with the method and then again return the control to the caller in two conditions:
  1. If completes all the statements within the curly braces ‘{}’.
  2. If the return statement is executed.

Let us first see the simple example to call a method more than once with empty parameter List:

Output:


Void Keyword:

This Keyword allows us to create methods that do not return any values.

Now let us see an example to find the max number with method parameter and with return type:

Output:


Method Types

There are two types of method:

  • Standard Library Methods
  • User-defined Methods: In the above part we lean about the User-defined methods.

Standard Library Methods:

These methods are built-in methods in Java that are readily available for use. These standard libraries come along with the Java Class Library (JCL) in a Java archive (*.jar) file with JVM and JRE.

Some example of Standard Library Methods:

  • print() -use to print the String.  And it comes under java.io.PrintSteam
  • sqrt() -use to find the square root of the number and it is a method of Math class