C# is a modern, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft and approved by the European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA) and International Standards Organization (ISO).
C# was developed by Anders Hejlsberg and his team during the development of the .Net Framework.
It is designed for Common Language Infrastructure (CLI), which consists of the executable code and runtime environment that allows the use of various high-level languages on different computer platforms and architectures.
This language is also used to develop Web Application, app and also in game developing.
The below points are the reason why C# is widely used in various platform:
- It is a modern, general-purpose programming language.
- It is easy to learn and easily understandable.
- It is an object-oriented language.
- It is a component-oriented and structured language.
- It can be compiled on a variety of computer platforms.
- It is a part of .Net Framework through which memory management becomes easy.
- C# is used in almost all the developer fields such as developing applications, games and more.
Following is the list of few important features of C# –
- Boolean Conditions
- Automatic Garbage Collection
- Standard Library
- Assembly Versioning
- Delegates and Events Management
- Easy-to-use Generics
- Simple Multithreading
- LINQ and Lambda Expressions
- Integration with Windows
Details on some main features of C#
1. Simple and easy to use
Being a modern language, C# is simple and easy to use programming language. It inherits many features which makes it more suitable to use such as, it is mention above that it is a structured language that is it breaks the problems into parts making it easy to understand. Not only that but C# is also rich in Library providing various function to use.
2. Modern and General-purpose
C# was created keeping the mind on the current trend, making it powerful to use in every developer platform. The use of C# makes it suitable for building interoperable, scalable, robust applications and yet very powerful.
3. Type safe (security)
Well, there is always a question of safety and C# provides it. It can only access to those elements or memory space on which it has granted the permission to execute. The unsafe casting such as converting double to boolean is restricted, the initialization of data-types and array are checked along with the overflow of types.
4. Object-Oriented language
Like java, C# is also an object-oriented programming language. The use of objects divides the programs into modules making it simpler to use which is not possible in Procedure-Oriented programming language. In POP, code grows as project size increases.
Unlike java, C# uses Structure that is structs that allow the primitive data-types to be used as objects. OOP supports the concept of Inheritance, Polymorphism, Interfaces, Data Encapsulation.
5. C# is Interoperability, Scalable and Updatable
Interoperability enables you to preserve and take advantage of existing investments in unmanaged code. This process gives the ability to C# to do any actions as the native C++ can do and provide native support for the COM and windows based applications.
Scalable and updatable are automatic in C#. If we wish to update then we need to replace the old files with the new ones. No need for lining the other library.
6. Component-Oriented and Structured Programming Language
C# supports component-oriented programming through the concepts of properties, methods, events, and attributes (or metadata). It is a process of developing an application by mixing the already exists and new components.
C# is a structured language that simply refers to the breaking down of the programs into modules or parts using function so that it becomes easy to use, understand and can be easily modified.
7. Rich in Library and Fast in Speed
It is also mentioned above that C# has a rich Library as it is based on the .NET framework that has a huge library. It consists of various inbuilt functions and classes that increase the speed of development.
The speed of C# to compile and execute is fast that provide fast development of applications.
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